El asalto a la razón: la trayectoria del irracionalismo desde Schelling hasta Hitler / Georg Lukács ; [traducción de Wenceslao Roces] Edición 1ª ed. en español. Libros de Segunda Mano – Pensamiento – Filosofía: Georg lukács. el asalto a la razón. la trayectoria del irracionalismo de schelling a hitler. Compra, venta . Libros de Segunda Mano – Pensamiento – Filosofía: Lukács, georg. el asalto a la razón: la trayectoria del irracionalismo desde schelling hasta hitler. Compra.
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Granted, the fate of Descartes, Kant and Hegel in the imperialist period shows that the reactionary is capable of surmounting even these obstacles.
Lukacs. El asalto a la – Free Download PDF
The fact that the ideological spokesmen of the Hitler period continued razo tradition, though linking it with Wagner idolatry, does not prove anything. There can be no doubt that such an intellectual anticipation betokens a not inconsiderable gift of observation, sense of the problematic, and capacity for abstraction.
In contrast to contemporary neo-Kantianism and Positivism, whose basic approach was a specific objectivism, an avowedly solely scientific abstention from any explicit attitude and relation ship to praxis, Nietzsche vigorously shifted the connection between theory and praxis to the centre of his whole epistemology.
And secondly, his relationship to Darwinism is the clearest illustration of the fact that it was not scientific discoveries and knowledge that guided his thinking into specific channels and forced specific roles upon him. Thus he zsalto in the aforesaid passage: But in doing so he went much further than his contemporaries. The setting up of a past age as an ideal for the present age to realize also belonged to the intellectual armoury of Romantic anti-capitalism.
The drive, therefore, to disseminate culture as widely as possible has its origins in a total secularization, by which culture is reduced to a means of gain and of earthly happiness in the vulgar sense. It is of the essence of bourgeois thinking that it cannot manage without illusions.
Lukacs. El asalto a la Razón..pdf
It implied an active rejection of the chief enemy, namely the working class and socialism. Stone dams and bulwarks against barbarians, pestilence, physical and mental thraldom! Higher types may well be reached, but they are not enduring.
Thus Nietzsche was expressly arguing that atheism is not a result of the incompatibility of our scientifically acquired world-view with the idea of God in which event the new knowledge would have retrospective validity for the past.
It was in the light of such considerations that Nietzsche taxed Darwin as follows in The Twilight of the Idols: No longer did he consider socialism to be an ally of liberalism and democracy, their consummation carried to radical extremes — in which guise he had previously opposed it along with the other two. At this point it might be quite interesting to glance at the differences and similarities in the careers of Nietzsche and Franz Mehring. Nietzsche said of this pessimism of strength: The pre-imperialist period energetically paved the way for this decline.
He had a special sixth sense, an anticipatory sensitivity to what the parasitical intelligentsia would need in the imperialist age, what would inwardly move and disturb it, and what kind of answer would most appease it. Kierkegaard, for instance, contested Hegel with a far finer intellectual apparatus. Strauss with praising Darwinism in general terms without having the courage to apply it rigorously to moral problems, and so taking refuge in a form of idealism. In the first place, Nietzsche was never more than a social Darwinist in the aforesaid sense of the term.
But the inconstant element is equally clear: For the life of the species — this returns us to the sphere of Becoming — is, firstly, a historical process and, secondly, as historical content, the uninterrupted conflict between two human types, two races, namely masters and slaves. The connection between the battle against liberalism and that against socialism very soon became apparent.
The worker is faring far too well not gradually to start asking more questions and to ask them less modestly.
Even Mehring — for the time being — assessed it as follows: All this contains an explicit avowal of belief in a revival of barbarity as the means of saving mankind.
In the Enlightenment, the idea was to prove that belief in God might not signify any kind of moral imperative for mankind, that the moral laws would operate in a society of atheists just as much as in one where religious patronage held sway Bayle. But at the same time he remained on a par with the feudal reactionary, Schelling, inasmuch as what asatlo both considered the chief enemy were the progressive tendencies of bourgeois likacs For a thinker incapable of recognizing the real generative forces, these could only be portrayed in a utopian, mythical manner.
This indicates not only his ignorance of the most important philosophers, which even Jaspers concedes, but at the gazon time — and far more importantly — the coarser, intellectually inferior nature of irrationalism in imperialist times.
El Asalto a la Razon la Trayerctoria Del Irracionalismo Desde Schelling Hast Hilter
This antithesis is represented in the ethics of barbarism which we have portrayed above. But we can study the actual content of this shift only in the more detailed statements of the last works and sketches, where its real motives are voiced with Nietzschean candour. Andrew Bowie – – Oxford University Press. And thus, along with Wagner and Bismarck, Schopenhauer too came more and more within the area of that decadence he wanted to conquer.
But an open mythicizing of the natural sciences on this basis — as in the theory of the free will of atomic particles — is, after all, a product of a far more advanced irrationalist subversion of scientific thinking. The Will to Power cannot have come into being. The concept of God, devised as a rival concept to life — it makes a razno union of everything harmful, poisonous and deceitful, rqzon whole deathly conspiracy against life!
Nietzsche uses this English term. Then the meeting which was prevented from taking place between Bismarck and Nietzsche will be a fait accompli strong enough to withstand all aa by hostile powers. When he praises the philosophical merits of his eternal recurrencehe is chiefly praising its nihilistic, relativistic and perspectiveless character.
The subsequent thesis contains, on the basis of the same reflections upon the fragility and vulnerability of the higher type, a bland denial of any development in nature and history.
Taken objectively, the two were even closer than these men imagined.
Now that we have presented the sharp contrast between Nietzsche and the ordinary direct apologists of capitalism, we must briefly remark on the methods they shared in connection with Darwinism.