The book is made of two parts: the first one is a detailed exploration of the litterature around Pasteur’s rise from obscurity to fame and of the corresponding. The Pasteurization of France [Bruno Latour, Alan Sheridan, John Law] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. What can one man accomplish. The pasteurization of France: Bruno Latour, translated by Alan Sheridan and John Law (Cambridge, Massachusetts and London: Harvard University Press.
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Finally, study of the Revue explains why it is so difficult to decide how much should be attributed to each group, or even to avoid the impression of a revolution.
It, too, comes from the strength of the agents with whose fate it has managed to become Hnked.
The Pasteurization of France — Bruno Latour | Harvard University Press
Pasteur’s success depended upon a whole network of forces, including the public hygiene movement, the medical profession and colonial interests. Protect the wounds and not the environment: When you bring a woman to birth, you think you are in the presence of three agents — the midwife, the baby, and the’ mother — but a fourth takes advantage of the situation to pass from frannce hands to the woman’s wounds. They changed what they wanted to do, while at the same time franc it at last by following Pasteurism.
Strong Microbes and Weak Hygienists 33 This corruption of the best intentions, a corruption that was all the more disturbing brunp that it did not always occur, had one serious inconvenience. Describes Pasteur’s roles in improving health practices in France and identifies the other forces that helped implement fhe ideas about health care.
After Pouilly-le-Fort, Richet extends the efficacy of the vaccine without the shadow of a doubt: Pasteur did everything, by his own power, or at least through the power of his ideas.
This is the same problem that each actor has to confront. This is true at least where politicians are concerned. Not to beheve in it is to feel katour we have been thrown back into the Dark Ages.
Microbes connect us through diseases, but they also connect us, through our intestinal flora, to the very things we eat: Furthermore, the microbe made it possible for a reordering of epi- demiological problems, where it seemed that the number of causes would always defy analysis.
On October 2, after Kutuzov had been forced to act against his better judgment, his signed order kept being diverted. The surgeon Kirmission writes, after emerging from that period: Instead of leading to sociological reductionism, this method leads to an unexpected irreductionism. Subscribe to receive information about forthcoming books, seasonal catalogs, and more, in newsletters tailored to your interests.
Instead of reducing science to a given social environment, Latour tries to show the simultaneous building of a society and its scientific facts.
The radical originality and wit of Latour’s approach is hugely attractive. Indeed we are, but Tolstoy has forever subverted the notion of leader, strategy, and chain of command: In the second part of the book, “Irreductions,” Latour if out his notion of the dynamics of conflict and interaction, of the “relation of forces.
The Pasteurization of France
Again, it is as an anthropologist that we must follow these new translations of what matters in the world. Medicine at Last 4. The last point is merely an utterance of my ignorance. After all, in politics, ingratitude is more common than gratitude.
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The first sets up the forces one on top of the other and enables us to explain how a whole period is interested finds itself interested in what is happening in Pasteur’s laboratory; the second mechanism attributes responsibility for the command to one member in the crowd.
The great man is alone in his laboratory, alone with his concepts, and he revolutionizes the society around him by the power of his mind alone.
In examining Pasteur’s influence on the history and sociology of medicine, Latour focuses on the phenomenon of a theory becoming reality because it’s time had come. What does a great man like Napoleon or Kutuzov really do? For example, the presence of the microbe redefined the meaning of individual liberty: In that respect, Latour does not think that a revolutionary scientific discovery or invention is the result of a laboratory work by a great scientist alone.
If we do not restore the power ratio between the social movement at work throughout Europe and the few bacteriological laboratories, we cannot understand the real contribution of those laboratories, just as we cannot understand what Kutuzov did if we attribute to him the entire movement of his army. There was no way of concentrating the movement’s forces at a few points only. Such an upheaval of cities was seen not as a revolution but as a harmonization, in Stokes’s words, between “national health” and “national prosperity and morality”p.
The Pasteurization of France – Bruno Latour – Google Books
He is not yet the intercessor that he would later become. The counter-example that I have chosen to study is so obviously incontrovertible because of the way it is habitually formulated: Verne’s Les millions de la Begum, which contrasts Hygie, the healthy French town, with Noson, the unhealthy “Boche” town, without the slightest mention of a microbe, is the literary counterpart of Petten- koffer.
Ernesto rated it liked it May 14, Sep 24, AskHistorians added it Shelves: The only losers in all this frsnce the microbes. Plans were discussed for drainage, ven- tilators, windows, heating apparatuses — anything that would allow the four elements to circulate freely.