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The progress of the research should go further on the way traced by these historians, but with- out the exaggerations and the mistakes made by some authors who believed that patriotism means to write about history without a crit- ical eye and without taking seriously into account the conclusions expressed by the opposite side.
The fireplaces are contemporary with the end of phase 2. This double meaning was not applied to the western Romance populations. Therefore, we agree28 that these Romani represent the Roman-German Empire.
The author of the Gesta rejected the oral tradition, declaring in the preface: February 1st, by Alexandru. Galad, a monastery attested since in the Serbian Banat, near Kikinda and the place called Pusta-Galad ; 2.
Adrian was a quite old man and that he was born around the beginning of the 9th century. It is asserted that Anonymus claimed “the mass of the Hungarian tribes was forced to retreat mostly to Pannonia.
Gelou – Wikipedia
The anonymous notary was very fond of inventing etymologies: Byzantine historical writing enjoyed a renaissance under Anna Komnena, Niketas Choniates, Kekaumenos, and others who followed. The most important scholar to contribute insights about the Roman origin of the Romanians was Aeneas Sylvius Piccolominiwho was Pope Pius II for the last six years of his life.
Ideas came to the fore that had long ceased to be of importance in Western Europe. Gyula Yula, Gula, Gila was, according to Muslim and Byzantine sources, the title of one of the leaders, the second in rank, of the Hungarian tribal federation in the 9th—10th centuries.
Another of the notary’s inventions was in his description of the peoples found by the Hungarians upon their arrival in the Carpathian Basin. The first seven chapters describe the Hungarians’ legendary homeland—mentioned as Scythia or Dentumoger —  and their departure from there.
One of the controversial pieces of information transmitted by GH is truthful. Around the turn of the twelfth century, Georgios Kedrenos,  a Byzantine monk, described events beginning with the rule of Emperor Isaac I Komnen Panoni autem, qui inhabitabant tunc Panoniam, omnes erant pastores romano- rum, et habebant super se decem reges potentes in tota Messia et Panonia, deficiente autem imperio Romanorum egressi sunt Ungari de Sycia provin- cia et regno magno, quod est ultra Meotidas paludes et pugnaverunt in campo magno, quod est inter Sicambriam et Albam Regalem cum X regibus dictis et optinuerunt eos et in signum victorie perpetuum erexerunt ibi lapidem marmoreum permaximum ubi est scripta prefata victoria, quiad huc perseverat usque in hodiernum diem.
Ohio State University Press.
There are no written records about the early history romwna the autochtonous inhabitants of the Balkan Peninsula, the Illyrians and the Thracians.
Phase II was a transition period toward the Bjelo Brdo I cultural group, developed in the last third of the 10th century. When their leader Gelou saw this, he prepared, together with a few of his people, to flee in order to save his life. This concentration of place-names cannot be a coincidence. Views View Edit History. The phonetics is not Slavic or Hungarian, but old Romanian: The earthen wall was made taller, the watch way was restored with stone slabs, the ditch was enlarged, and the berm was eliminated.
It contains 93 chapters; the Romanian translation  is pages. The Deeds of the Hungarians. The conquering Hungarians went to battle with Glad Galad, the ruler of the area between the Maros River and the lower Danubewho was “supported by the Cumans, Bulgarians, and Blachs. The work of Regino tells how the Hungarians were expelled from Hungrorum by the Pechenegs, called Pecinaci.
The struggle against the Turks made it necessary to study the geography and the populations of the Balkan Peninsula, thus turning people’s interest to the realities of their own time and own national history.
On the basis of this object, the small cemetery was dated in the 10th century, perhaps in the last part of the 9th century. Cantemir also described the Vlachs’ crossing the Danube toward the north following their defeat by the Bulgarians and Latins Romans in Taking into account that stage I had two phases and that the set- tlement from phase 2 had two or three levels, it could be supposed that stage I lasted for about a century, which means that its begin- ning could be placed before the Hungarian conquest.
The trade and the circulation of craftsmen were not hin- dered by the Avarian domination. Its core was strengthened with beams.
Anonymus also used the hunggarorum “Hungarian Chronicle” or its sources. Being the father of Sarolta, the conqueror was not a contem- porary of Arpad; 4. When the power of this state declined after the death of Tzar Symeon inGlad, the ruler of this region, found an oppor- tunity to become independent. He did not agree with a statement of Petru More, that: In this battle, two Cumanian dukes and three Bulgarian leaders [kenez] died duo duces cumanos eomana tres kenezi bulgaros.
The Hungarian hunagrorum will now hear the truth from reliable written descriptions and with a clear interpretation of the historical works, as is proper for noblemen. Then the inhabitants of the land, seeing the death of their lord, giving the right hand of their own free will chose to themselves as lord Tuhutum, father of Horca, and in that place, which is called Esculeuthey confirmed their troth with an oath and from that day the place is called Esculeu, because they swore there.
Gesta Hungarorum – Wikipedia
Tuhutum possessed that land peacefully and happily from that day, but his posterity possessed it only up to the times of the holy King Stephen. The destruction of phase I could be linked with the second Hungarian conquestbut its beginning remains unknown.
It follows, therefore, that Attila and his lords knew Romanian.